[TOC] > [各分区参考](http://haitian299.github.io/2016/05/26/mysql-partitioning/) ## range 分区 ### 根据数值范围 ``` CREATE TABLE employees ( id INT NOT NULL, fname VARCHAR(30), lname VARCHAR(30), hired DATE NOT NULL DEFAULT '1970-01-01', separated DATE NOT NULL DEFAULT '9999-12-31', job_code INT NOT NULL, store_id INT NOT NULL ) PARTITION BY RANGE (store_id) ( PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (6), PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (11), PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN (16), PARTITION p3 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE ); ``` ### 根据TIMESTAMP范围 ``` CREATE TABLE quarterly_report_status ( report_id INT NOT NULL, report_status VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL, report_updated TIMESTAMP NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ) PARTITION BY RANGE ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP(report_updated) ) ( PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2008-01-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2008-04-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2008-07-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p3 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2008-10-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p4 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2009-01-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p5 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2009-04-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p6 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2009-07-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p7 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2009-10-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p8 VALUES LESS THAN ( UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2010-01-01 00:00:00') ), PARTITION p9 VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE) ); ``` ### 根据DATE、DATETIME范围 只是支持高版本 ``` CREATE TABLE members ( firstname VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL, lastname VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL, username VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL, email VARCHAR(35), joined DATE NOT NULL ) PARTITION BY RANGE COLUMNS(joined) ( PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN ('1960-01-01'), PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN ('1970-01-01'), PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN ('1980-01-01'), PARTITION p3 VALUES LESS THAN ('1990-01-01'), PARTITION p4 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE ); ``` ### 根据多列范围 ``` CREATE TABLE rc3 ( a INT, b INT ) PARTITION BY RANGE COLUMNS(a,b) ( PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (0,10), PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (10,20), PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN (10,30), PARTITION p3 VALUES LESS THAN (10,35), PARTITION p4 VALUES LESS THAN (20,40), PARTITION p5 VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE,MAXVALUE) ); ``` ### demo 1. 创建一个带分区的表 ``` CREATE TABLE part_tab ( c1 int default NULL, c2 varchar(30) default NULL, c3 date default NULL ) engine= InnoDB PARTITION BY RANGE (year(c3)) ( PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (1995), PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (1996) , PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN (1997) , PARTITION p3 VALUES LESS THAN (1998) , PARTITION p4 VALUES LESS THAN (1999) , PARTITION p5 VALUES LESS THAN (2000) , PARTITION p6 VALUES LESS THAN (2001) , PARTITION p7 VALUES LESS THAN (2002) , PARTITION p8 VALUES LESS THAN (2003) , PARTITION p9 VALUES LESS THAN (2004) , PARTITION p10 VALUES LESS THAN (2010), PARTITION p11 VALUES LESS THAN MAXVALUE ); ``` 2. 创建没有分区的表 ``` CREATE TABLE `no_part_tab` ( `c1` int(11) DEFAULT NULL, `c2` varchar(30) DEFAULT NULL, `c3` date DEFAULT NULL ) ENGINE=InnoDB ``` 3. 创建一个生成数据的存储过程 分区的表 ``` CREATE PROCEDURE load_part_tab() begin declare v int default 0; while v < 8000000 do insert into part_tab values (v,'testing partitions',adddate('1995-01-01',(rand(v)*36520) mod 3652)); set v = v + 1; end while; end ``` 为分区的表 ``` CREATE PROCEDURE no_load_part() BEGIN DECLARE i INT; SET i =1; WHILE i<8000001 DO INSERT INTO no_part_tab VALUES(i,'no',ADDDATE('1995-01-01',(RAND(i)*36520) MOD 3652)); SET i=i+1; END WHILE; END ``` 4. 测试执行 ``` SELECT SQL_NO_CACHE COUNT(*) FROM no_part_tab WHERE c3> DATE '1995-01-01' AND c3< DATE '1995-12-31'; SELECT SQL_NO_CACHE COUNT(*) FROM part_tab WHERE c3> DATE '1995-01-01' AND c3< DATE '1995-12-31'; ``` 5. 查看使用sql 查询访问的分区 查看partitons 字段 `explain partitions SELECT COUNT(*) FROM part_tab WHERE c3> DATE '1995-01-01' AND c3< DATE '1995-12-31'; ` ## Hash分区 ``` CREATE TABLE employees ( id INT NOT NULL, fname VARCHAR(30), lname VARCHAR(30), hired DATE NOT NULL DEFAULT '1970-01-01', separated DATE NOT NULL DEFAULT '9999-12-31', job_code INT, store_id INT ) PARTITION BY HASH(store_id) PARTITIONS 4; ```