[TOC] ## urllib包 > 是Python3.x中提供的一系列操作URL的库,可以模拟用户使用浏览器访问网页 ### 不带请求头实例 resp = request.urlopen('http://www.baidu.com') print(resp.read().decode('utf-8')) ### 带请求头 req = request.Request('http://www.baidu.com') req.add_header("User-Agent","Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/61.0.3163.100 Safari/537.36") resp = request.urlopen(req) print(resp.read().decode('utf-8')) ### Post带参数 req = Request('http://www.thsrc.com.tw/tw/TimeTable/SearchResult') postData = parse.urlencode([ ('StartStation', '977abb69-413a-4ccf-a109-0272c24fd490'), ('EndStation', '2f940836-cedc-41ef-8e28-c2336ac8fe68'), ('SearchDate', '2017/10/06'), ('SearchTime', '17:00'), ('SearchWay', 'DepartureInMandarin') ]) req.add_header('Origin','http://www.thsrc.com.tw') req.add_header("User-Agent","Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/61.0.3163.100 Safari/537.36") resp = request.urlopen(req,data=postData.encode('utf-8')) print(resp.read().decode('utf-8'))