[TOC] ## 使用前准备 1. 更换源 ``` sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list #在文件开头添加下面的阿里云的软件源: deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal main restricted universe multiverse deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-security main restricted universe multiverse deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates main restricted universe multiverse deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-backports main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-security main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-backports main restricted universe multiverse ``` 3. 安装宝塔山 4. 安装google浏览器 ``` sudo wget http://www.linuxidc.com/files/repo/google-chrome.list -P /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ wget -q -O - https://dl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add - sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable ``` 3. 安装影梭 安装qt5版本 ``` sudo add-apt-repository ppa:hzwhuang/ss-qt5 sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install shadowsocks-qt5 ``` 安装命令行版 ``` apt-get install python-pip //安装pippython-pip环境 pip install shadowsocks //安装ss vim /etc/shadowsocks.json //打开ss配置文件 { “server”:”0.0.0.0″, #ec2使用的是NAT,不能填公网ip,而应该用0.0.0.0 “server_port”:端口, “password”:”连接密码”, “timeout”:300, “method”:”aes-256-cfb”, “fast_open”: false } ssserver -c /etc/shadowsocks.json -d start //启动ss ``` 4. SwitchyOmega配置 [参考网站](https://blog.csdn.net/u013401853/article/details/72997524) ## 美化 1. 安装主题 - flatabulous-theme ``` sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/themes sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install flatabulous-theme ``` 2. 图标 - ultra-flat-icons ``` sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/icons sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install ultra-flat-icons ``` 3. 指针 - macbuntu-os-ithemes-lts-v7 ``` sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/macbuntu sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install macbuntu-os-icons-lts-v7 sudo apt-get install macbuntu-os-ithemes-lts-v7 ``` 4. 字体 `sudo apt-get install fonts-wqy-microhei` 5. 运用和设置 - unity-tweak-tool `sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool` 6. 设置开机自启 - gnome-tweak-tool `sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool` 7. 终端美化 - oh-my-zsh ``` sudo apt-get install zsh sudo apt-get install git sudo wget https://github.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/raw/master/tools/install.sh -O - | sh chsh -s /bin/zsh ``` - 然后右键终端进入配置文件-配置文件首选项-颜色 ![](images/5319256-3f6207372dc6140a.png) - 设置终端主题 ``` ll ~/.oh-my-zsh/themes/ vim ~/.zshrc # 替换 themes 中的主题 ``` 8. dock 美化 `sudo apt-get install cairo-dock` ## 常用软件 1. 解压rar `sudo apt-get install unrar` 2. 安装wps [下载wps](http://community.wps.cn/download/) ``` sudo dpkg -i wps-office_10.1.0.5672~a21_amd64.deb #同样,如果提示缺少依赖,运行一下命令 sudo apt-get -f install 再次安装。 ``` 3. 搜狗输入法 5. 备份 ``` sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nemh/systemback sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install systemback ```