[TOC] 首先到phpexcel官网上下载最新的phpexcel类,下周解压缩一个classes文件夹,里面包含了PHPExcel.php和PHPExcel的文件夹,这个类文件和文件夹是我们需要的,把classes解压到你项目的一个目录中,重名名为phpexcel,开始喽,(代码都摘自自带实例) 程序部分 require_once './phpexcel/PHPExcel.php'; // 首先创建一个新的对象 PHPExcel object $objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel(); // 设置文件的一些属性,在xls文件——>属性——>详细信息里可以看到这些值,xml表格里是没有这些值的 $objPHPExcel ->getProperties() //获得文件属性对象,给下文提供设置资源 ->setCreator( "Maarten Balliauw") //设置文件的创建者 ->setLastModifiedBy( "Maarten Balliauw") //设置最后修改者 ->setTitle( "Office 2007 XLSX Test Document" ) //设置标题 ->setSubject( "Office 2007 XLSX Test Document" ) //设置主题 ->setDescription( "Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.") //设置备注 ->setKeywords( "office 2007 openxml php") //设置标记 ->setCategory( "Test result file"); //设置类别 // 位置aaa *为下文代码位置提供锚 // 给表格添加数据 $objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0) //设置第一个内置表(一个xls文件里可以有多个表)为活动的 ->setCellValue( 'A1', 'Hello' ) //给表的单元格设置数据 ->setCellValue( 'B2', 'world!' ) //数据格式可以为字符串 ->setCellValue( 'C1', 12) //数字型 ->setCellValue( 'D2', 12) // ->setCellValue( 'D3', true ) //布尔型 ->setCellValue( 'D4', '=SUM(C1:D2)' );//公式 //得到当前活动的表,注意下文教程中会经常用到$objActSheet $objActSheet = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(); // 位置bbb *为下文代码位置提供锚 // 给当前活动的表设置名称 $objActSheet->setTitle('Simple2222'); 代码还没有结束,可以复制下面的代码来决定我们将要做什么 我们将要做的是 1,直接生成一个文件 $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel2007'); $objWriter->save('myexchel.xlsx'); 2、提示下载文件 excel 2003 .xls // 生成2003excel格式的xls文件 header('Content-Type: application/vnd.ms-excel'); header('Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="01simple.xls"'); header('Cache-Control: max-age=0'); $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel5'); $objWriter->save('php://output'); exit; excel 2007 .xlsx // 生成2007excel格式的xlsx文件 header('Content-Type: application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet'); header('Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="01simple.xlsx"'); header('Cache-Control: max-age=0'); $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory:: createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel2007'); $objWriter->save( 'php://output'); exit; pdf 文件 // 下载一个pdf文件 header('Content-Type: application/pdf'); header('Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="01simple.pdf"'); header('Cache-Control: max-age=0'); $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'PDF'); $objWriter->save('php://output'); exit; // 生成一个pdf文件 $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'PDF'); $objWriter->save('a.pdf'); CSV 文件 $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'CSV')->setDelimiter(',' ) //设置分隔符 ->setEnclosure('"' ) //设置包围符 ->setLineEnding("\r\n" )//设置行分隔符 ->setSheetIndex(0) //设置活动表 ->save(str_replace('.php' , '.csv' , __FILE__)); HTML 文件 $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'HTML'); //将$objPHPEcel对象转换成html格式的 $objWriter->setSheetIndex(0); //设置活动表 //$objWriter->setImagesRoot('http://www.example.com'); $objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.htm', __FILE__)); //保存文件 设置表格样式和数据格式 设置默认的字体和文字大小 锚:aaa $objPHPExcel->getDefaultStyle()->getFont()->setName( 'Arial'); $objPHPExcel->getDefaultStyle()->getFont()->setSize(20); 日期格式 锚:bbb //获得秒值变量 $dateTimeNow = time(); //三个表格分别设置为当前实际的 日期格式、时间格式、日期和时间格式 //首先将单元格的值设置为由PHPExcel_Shared_Date::PHPToExcel方法转换后的excel格式的值,然后用过得到该单元格的样式里面数字样式再设置显示格式 $objActSheet->setCellValue( 'C9', PHPExcel_Shared_Date::PHPToExcel( $dateTimeNow )); $objActSheet->getStyle( 'C9')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_DATE_YYYYMMDD2); $objActSheet->setCellValue( 'C10', PHPExcel_Shared_Date::PHPToExcel( $dateTimeNow )); $objActSheet->getStyle( 'C10')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_DATE_TIME4); $objActSheet->setCellValue( 'C10', PHPExcel_Shared_Date::PHPToExcel( $dateTimeNow )); $objActSheet->getStyle( 'C10')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_DATE_TIME4); //将E4到E13的数字格式设置为EUR $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'E4:E13')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE); 设置列的宽度 锚:bbb $objActSheet->getColumnDimension( 'B')->setAutoSize(true); //内容自适应 $objActSheet->getColumnDimension( 'A')->setWidth(30); //30宽 设置文件打印的页眉和页脚 锚:bbb //设置打印时候的页眉页脚(设置完了以后可以通过打印预览来看效果)字符串中的&*好像是一些变量 $objActSheet->getHeaderFooter()->setOddHeader( '&L&G&C&HPlease treat this document as confidential!'); $objActSheet->getHeaderFooter()->setOddFooter( '&L&B' . $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->getTitle() . '&RPage &P of &N' ); 设置页面文字的方向和页面大小 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setOrientation(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup:: ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setPaperSize(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup:: PAPERSIZE_A4); //A4纸大小 为页眉添加图片 office中有效 wps中无效 锚:bbb $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_HeaderFooterDrawing(); $objDrawing->setName('PHPExcel logo'); $objDrawing->setPath('./images/phpexcel_logo.gif'); $objDrawing->setHeight(36); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getHeaderFooter()->addImage($objDrawing, PHPExcel_Worksheet_HeaderFooter::IMAGE_HEADER_LEFT ); 设置单元格的批注 锚:bbb //给单元格添加批注 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment( 'E13')->setAuthor('PHPExcel' ); //设置作者 $objCommentRichText = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E13' )->getText()->createTextRun('PHPExcel:'); //添加批注 $objCommentRichText->getFont()->setBold( true); //将现有批注加粗 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment( 'E13')->getText()->createTextRun("\r\n" ); //添加更多批注 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment( 'E13')->getText()->createTextRun('Total amount on the current invoice, including VAT.' ); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment( 'E13')->setWidth('100pt' ); //设置批注显示的宽高 ,在office中有效在wps中无效 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment( 'E13')->setHeight('100pt' ); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment( 'E13')->setMarginLeft('150pt' ); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment( 'E13')->getFillColor()->setRGB('EEEEEE' ); //设置背景色 ,在office中有效在wps中无效 添加文字块 看效果图 office中有效 wps中无效 锚:bbb //大概翻译 创建一个富文本框 office有效 wps无效 $objRichText = new PHPExcel_RichText(); $objRichText->createText('This invoice is '); //写文字 //添加文字并设置这段文字粗体斜体和文字颜色 $objPayable = $objRichText->createTextRun( 'payable within thirty days after the end of the month'); $objPayable->getFont()->setBold( true); $objPayable->getFont()->setItalic( true); $objPayable->getFont()->setColor( new PHPExcel_Style_Color( PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_DARKGREEN ) ); $objRichText->createText(', unless specified otherwise on the invoice.'); //将文字写到A18单元格中 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell( 'A18')->setValue($objRichText); 合并拆分单元格 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells( 'A28:B28'); // A28:B28合并 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells( 'A28:B28'); // A28:B28再拆分 单元格密码保护 锚:bbb // 单元格密码保护不让修改 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet( true); // 为了使任何表保护,需设置为真 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells( 'A3:E13', 'PHPExcel' ); // 将A3到E13保护 加密密码是 PHPExcel $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B1')->getProtection()->setLocked(PHPExcel_Style_Protection::PROTECTION_UNPROTECTED); //去掉保护 设置单元格字体 锚:bbb //将B1的文字字体设置为Candara,20号的粗体下划线有背景色 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara' ); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B1')->getFont()->setSize(20); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B1')->getFont()->setBold(true); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE); 文字对齐方式 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT); //水平方向上对齐 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);//水平方向上两端对齐 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER); //垂直方向上中间居中 设置单元格边框 锚:bbb $styleThinBlackBorderOutline = array( 'borders' => array ( 'outline' => array ( 'style' => PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN, //设置border样式 //'style' => PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THICK, 另一种样式 'color' => array ('argb' => 'FF000000'), //设置border颜色 ), ), ); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'A4:E10')->applyFromArray($styleThinBlackBorderOutline); 背景填充颜色 锚:bbb //设置填充的样式和背景色 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'A1:E1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'A1:E1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080'); 综合设置样例 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'A3:E3')->applyFromArray( array( 'font' => array ( 'bold' => true ), 'alignment' => array ( 'horizontal' => PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT , ), 'borders' => array ( 'top' => array ( 'style' => PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN ) ), 'fill' => array ( 'type' => PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_GRADIENT_LINEAR , 'rotation' => 90, 'startcolor' => array ( 'argb' => 'FFA0A0A0' ), 'endcolor' => array ( 'argb' => 'FFFFFFFF' ) ) ) ); 给单元格内容设置url超链接 锚:bbb $objActSheet->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setUrl( 'http://www.phpexcel.net'); //超链接url地址 $objActSheet->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setTooltip( 'Navigate to website'); //鼠标移上去连接提示信息 给表中添加图片 锚:bbb $objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing(); $objDrawing->setName('Paid'); $objDrawing->setDescription('Paid'); $objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png'); //图片引入位置 $objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15'); //图片添加位置 $objDrawing->setOffsetX(210); $objDrawing->setRotation(25); $objDrawing->setHeight(36); $objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible (true ); $objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45); $objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()); //还可以添加有gd库生产的图片,详细见自带实例25 创建一个新工作表和设置工作表标签颜色 锚:bbb $objExcel->createSheet(); $objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(1); //设置第2个表为活动表,提供操作句柄 $objExcel->getSheet(1)->setTitle( '测试2'); //直接得到第二个表进行设置,将工作表重新命名为测试2 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getTabColor()->setARGB( 'FF0094FF'); //设置标签颜色 添加或删除行和列 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewRowBefore(6, 10); //在行6前添加10行 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeRow(6, 10); //从第6行往后删去10行 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewColumnBefore( 'E', 5); //从第E列前添加5类 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeColumn( 'E', 5); //从E列开始往后删去5列 隐藏和显示某列 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension( 'C')->setVisible(false); //隐藏 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension( 'D')->setVisible(true); //显示 重新命名活动的表的标签名称 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle( 'Invoice'); 设置工作表的安全 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setPassword( 'PHPExcel'); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet( true); // This should be enabled in order to enable any of the following! $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSort( true); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setInsertRows( true); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setFormatCells( true); 设置文档安全 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockWindows( true); $objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockStructure( true); $objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setWorkbookPassword( "PHPExcel"); //设置密码 样式复制 锚:bbb //将B2的样式复制到B3至B7 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateConditionalStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B2')->getConditionalStyles(), 'B3:B7' ); Add conditional formatting 锚:bbb echo date('H:i:s' ) , " Add conditional formatting" , PHP_EOL; $objConditional1 = new PHPExcel_Style_Conditional (); $objConditional1->setConditionType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional ::CONDITION_CELLIS ); $objConditional1->setOperatorType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional ::OPERATOR_BETWEEN ); $objConditional1->addCondition('200'); $objConditional1->addCondition('400'); 设置分页(主要用于打印) 锚:bbb //设置某单元格为页尾 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setBreak( 'A' . $i, PHPExcel_Worksheet::BREAK_ROW ); 用数组填充表 锚:bbb //吧数组的内容从A2开始填充 $dataArray = array( array("2010" , "Q1", "United States", 790), array("2010" , "Q2", "United States", 730), ); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->fromArray($dataArray, NULL, 'A2'); 设置自动筛选 锚:bbb $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setAutoFilter($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->calculateWorksheetDimension()); //$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->calculateWorksheetDimension()....得到A1行的所有内容个 打印出的到所有的公式 $objCalc = PHPExcel_Calculation::getInstance(); print_r($objCalc->listFunctionNames()) 设置单元格值的范围 锚:bbb $objValidation = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B3' )->getDataValidation(); $objValidation->setType( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation:: TYPE_WHOLE ); $objValidation->setErrorStyle( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation:: STYLE_STOP ); $objValidation->setAllowBlank(true); $objValidation->setShowInputMessage( true); //设置显示提示信息 $objValidation->setShowErrorMessage( true); //设置显示错误信息 $objValidation->setErrorTitle('Input error'); //错误标题 //$objValidation->setShowDropDown(true); $objValidation->setError('Only numbers between 10 and 20 are allowed!'); //错误内容 $objValidation->setPromptTitle('Allowed input'); //设置提示标题 $objValidation->setPrompt('Only numbers between 10 and 20 are allowed.'); //提示内容 $objValidation->setFormula1(10); //设置最大值 $objValidation->setFormula2(120); //设置最小值 //或者这样设置 $objValidation->setFormula2(1,5,6,7); 设置值是1,5,6,7中的一个数 其他 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B5')->getAlignment()->setShrinkToFit(true); //长度不够显示的时候 是否自动换行 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle( 'B5')->getAlignment()->setShrinkToFit(true); //自动转换显示字体大小,使内容能够显示 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell(B14)->getValue(); //获得值,有可能得到的是公式 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell(B14)->getCalculatedValue();//获得算出的值 导入或读取文件 //通过PHPExcel_IOFactory::load方法来载入一个文件,load会自动判断文件的后缀名来导入相应的处理类,读取格式保含xlsx/xls/xlsm/ods/slk/csv/xml/gnumeric require_once '../Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.php'; $objPHPExcel = PHPExcel_IOFactory::load( //吧载入的文件默认表(一般都是第一个)通过toArray方法来返回一个多维数组 $dataArray = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->toArray(); //读完直接写到一个xlsx文件里 $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel2007'); //$objPHPExcel是上文中读的资源 $objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xlsx', __FILE__)); 读取xml文件 $objReader = PHPExcel_IOFactory:: createReader('Excel2003XML' ); $objPHPExcel = $objReader->load( "Excel2003XMLTest.xml" ); 读取ods文件 $objReader = PHPExcel_IOFactory:: createReader('OOCalc' ); $objPHPExcel = $objReader->load("OOCalcTest.ods" ); 读取numeric文件 $objReader = PHPExcel_IOFactory:: createReader('Gnumeric' ); $objPHPExcel = $objReader->load( "GnumericTest.gnumeric" ); 读取slk文件 $objPHPExcel = PHPExcel_IOFactory:: load("SylkTest.slk" ); 循环遍历数据 $objReader = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createReader('Excel2007' ); //创建一个2007的读取对象 $objPHPExcel = $objReader->load ("05featuredemo.xlsx" ); //读取一个xlsx文件 foreach ($objPHPExcel->getWorksheetIterator() as $worksheet) { //遍历工作表 echo 'Worksheet - ' , $worksheet->getTitle() , PHP_EOL; foreach ($worksheet->getRowIterator() as $row) { //遍历行 echo ' Row number - ' , $row->getRowIndex() , PHP_EOL; $cellIterator = $row->getCellIterator(); //得到所有列 $cellIterator->setIterateOnlyExistingCells( false); // Loop all cells, even if it is not set foreach ($cellIterator as $cell) { //遍历列 if (!is_null($cell)) { //如果列不给空就得到它的坐标和计算的值 echo ' Cell - ' , $cell->getCoordinate() , ' - ' , $cell->getCalculatedValue() , PHP_EOL; } } } } 数组插入的表中 //插入的数据 3行数据 $data = array( array('title' => 'Excel for dummies', 'price' => 17.99, 'quantity' => 2 ), array('title' => 'PHP for dummies', 'price' => 15.99, 'quantity' => 1 ), array('title' => 'Inside OOP', 'price' => 12.95, 'quantity' => 1 ) ); $baseRow = 5; //指定插入到第5行后 foreach($data as $r => $dataRow) { $row = $baseRow + $r; //$row是循环操作行的行号 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewRowBefore($row,1); //在操作行的号前加一空行,这空行的行号就变成了当前的行号 //对应的咧都附上数据和编号 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue( 'A'.$row, $r+1); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue( 'B'.$row, $dataRow['title']); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue( 'C'.$row, $dataRow['price']); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue( 'D'.$row, $dataRow['quantity']); $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue( 'E'.$row, '=C'.$row.'*D' .$row); } $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeRow($baseRow-1,1); //最后删去第4行,这是示例需要,在此处为大家提供删除实例