## 第十七步:Top 100 组件 这个组件使用Bootstrap的[Media控件](http://getbootstrap.com/components/#media)作为主要的界面,下面是它看起来的样子: ![](https://box.kancloud.cn/2015-09-14_55f6447f33276.jpg) ### Component 在app/components目录新建文件*CharacterList.js*: ~~~ import React from 'react'; import {Link} from 'react-router'; import {isEqual} from 'underscore'; import CharacterListStore from '../stores/CharacterListStore'; import CharacterListActions from '../actions/CharacterListActions'; class CharacterList extends React.Component { constructor(props) { super(props); this.state = CharacterListStore.getState(); this.onChange = this.onChange.bind(this); } componentDidMount() { CharacterListStore.listen(this.onChange); CharacterListActions.getCharacters(this.props.params); } componentWillUnmount() { CharacterListStore.unlisten(this.onChange); } componentDidUpdate(prevProps) { if (!isEqual(prevProps.params, this.props.params)) { CharacterListActions.getCharacters(this.props.params); } } onChange(state) { this.setState(state); } render() { let charactersList = this.state.characters.map((character, index) => { return ( <div key={character.characterId} className='list-group-item animated fadeIn'> <div className='media'> <span className='position pull-left'>{index + 1}</span> <div className='pull-left thumb-lg'> <Link to={'/characters/' + character.characterId}> <img className='media-object' src={'http://image.eveonline.com/Character/' + character.characterId + '_128.jpg'} /> </Link> </div> <div className='media-body'> <h4 className='media-heading'> <Link to={'/characters/' + character.characterId}>{character.name}</Link> </h4> <small>Race: <strong>{character.race}</strong></small> <br /> <small>Bloodline: <strong>{character.bloodline}</strong></small> <br /> <small>Wins: <strong>{character.wins}</strong> Losses: <strong>{character.losses}</strong></small> </div> </div> </div> ); }); return ( <div className='container'> <div className='list-group'> {charactersList} </div> </div> ); } } CharacterList.contextTypes = { router: React.PropTypes.func.isRequired }; export default CharacterList; ~~~ 鉴于角色数组已经按照胜率进行了排序,我们可以使用`index + 1`(从1到100)来作为数组下标直接输出角色。 ### Actions 在app/actions目录新建*CharacterListActions.js*: ~~~ import alt from '../alt'; class CharacterListActions { constructor() { this.generateActions( 'getCharactersSuccess', 'getCharactersFail' ); } getCharacters(payload) { let url = '/api/characters/top'; let params = { race: payload.race, bloodline: payload.bloodline }; if (payload.category === 'female') { params.gender = 'female'; } else if (payload.category === 'male') { params.gender = 'male'; } if (payload.category === 'shame') { url = '/api/characters/shame'; } $.ajax({ url: url, data: params }) .done((data) => { this.actions.getCharactersSuccess(data); }) .fail((jqXhr) => { this.actions.getCharactersFail(jqXhr); }); } } export default alt.createActions(CharacterListActions); ~~~ 这里的`payload`包含React Router参数,这些参数我们将在routes.js中指定。 ~~~ <Route path=':category' handler={CharacterList}> <Route path=':race' handler={CharacterList}> <Route path=':bloodline' handler={CharacterList} /> </Route> </Route> ~~~ 比如,如果我们访问[http://localhost:3000/female/gallente/intaki](http://localhost:3000/female/gallente/intaki) ,则`payload`对象将包括下列数据: ~~~ { category: 'female', race: 'gallente', bloodline: 'intaki' } ~~~ ### Store 在app/store目录下新建文件*CharacterListStore.js*: ~~~ import alt from '../alt'; import CharacterListActions from '../actions/CharacterListActions'; class CharacterListStore { constructor() { this.bindActions(CharacterListActions); this.characters = []; } onGetCharactersSuccess(data) { this.characters = data; } onGetCharactersFail(jqXhr) { toastr.error(jqXhr.responseJSON.message); } } export default alt.createStore(CharacterListStore);/pre> 打开route.js并添加下列路由。所有内嵌路由都使用动态区段,所以不用重复输入。确保它们在路由的最后面,否则:category将会覆盖其它路由如/stats、/add和/shame。不要忘了导入CharacterList组件: ~~~ ~~~ import React from 'react'; import {Route} from 'react-router'; import App from './components/App'; import Home from './components/Home'; import AddCharacter from './components/AddCharacter'; import Character from './components/Character'; import CharacterList from './components/CharacterList'; export default ( <Route handler={App}> <Route path='/' handler={Home} /> <Route path='/add' handler={AddCharacter} /> <Route path='/characters/:id' handler={Character} /> <Route path='/shame' handler={CharacterList} /> <Route path=':category' handler={CharacterList}> <Route path=':race' handler={CharacterList}> <Route path=':bloodline' handler={CharacterList} /> </Route> </Route> </Route> ); ~~~ 下面是所有动态区段可以取的值: * `:category` — male, female, top. * `:race` — caldari, gallente, minmatar, amarr. * `:bloodline` — civire, deteis, achura, intaki, gallente, jin-mei, amarr, ni-kunni, khanid, brutor, sebiestor, vherokior. 可以看到,如果我们使用硬编码的话,将如此多的路由包含进去将使route.js变得很长很长。