# BSP内核的摄像头使用 ~~~ Device Drivers -> <*> Multimedia support ---> <*> sunxi video encoder and decoder support //视频编码器,包括h264/mpeg4/mpeg2/vc1/rmvb. 以模块形式编译,cedar_ve.ko ~~~ ~~~ [*] Video capture adapters ---> [*] V4L platform devices ---> ~~~ ~~~ --- V4L platform devices < > Support for timberdale Video In/LogiWIN <*> SoC camera support < > imx074 support < > mt9m001 support < > mt9m111, mt9m112 and mt9m131 support < > mt9t031 support < > mt9t112 support < > mt9v022 support < > rj54n1cb0c support < > tw9910 support < > platform camera support <M> ov2640 camera support <M> ov5642 camera support < > ov6650 sensor support < > ov772x camera support < > ov9640 camera support < > ov9740 camera support < > SuperH Mobile MIPI CSI-2 Interface driver < > SuperH Mobile CEU Interface driver <*> sunxi video front end (camera and etc)driver <*> v4l2 driver for SUNXI Sensor CSI ---> ~~~ ~~~ < > ov2710_mipi < > ov4689 < > ov4689 60fps < > ar0330 mipi < > ov4689 sdv < > gc1004_mipi <M> h22_mipi < > nt99231_mipi ~~~ 查看编译后的ko: ~~~ //触摸屏 aw5306_ts.ko gt818_ts.ko gt82x.ko gt911_ts.ko ft5x_ts.ko gslX680.ko gslX680new.ko icn83xx_ts.ko gt9xx_ts.ko gt9xxf_ts.ko tu_ts.ko //杂项 da380.ko //加速度传感器 fatfs.ko //文件系统 scsi_wait_scan.ko sw-device.ko //Linux kernel modules for Detection i2c device. uvcvideo.ko //UVC摄像头 //普通摄像头驱动 media/video/ ov2640.ko ov5642.ko //V4L2 videobuf-core.ko videobuf-dma-contig.ko videobuf2-core.ko videobuf2-memops.ko videobuf2-vmalloc.ko //VFE vfe_v4l2.ko //media/video/sunxi-vfe vfe_os.ko vfe_subdev.ko cci.ko //摄像头控制接口,sunxi-vfe/csi_cci h22_mipi.ko //media/video/sunxi-vfe/device/h22_mipi.ko //cedar 视频编码 cedar_ve.ko //media/cedar-ve/cedar_ve.ko ~~~ 实际可以使用的是media/video/sunxi-vfe/下的摄像头驱动 ~~~ platform_cfg.h bsp_common.c config.c config.h vfe.c vfe.h vfe_os.c vfe_os.h vfe_os.ko vfe_subdev.c vfe_subdev.h vfe_subdev.ko vfe_v4l2.ko //调焦器 actuator //摄像头控制器接口驱动 csi csi_cci mipi_csi //闪光灯 flash_light //ISP相关 isp_cfg lib //isp库 platform //不同主控芯片的配置 //测试,功能 test utility //支持的传感器 device ~~~ 支持的传感器 ~~~ Makefile gc0312.c gc5004.c hi257.c nt99252.c ov5640.c s5k3h7.c sp2518.c ar0330.c gc0328.c gc5004_mipi.c hm5040.c ov12830.c ov5640_mipi.c s5k4e1.c sp2519.c ar0330_mipi.c gc0328c.c gs5604.c hm5065.c ov13850.c ov5647.c s5k4e1_mipi.c sp5408.c bf3a03.c gc0329.c gt2005.c hm8030.c ov16825.c ov5647_mipi.c s5k4ec.c sp5409.c built-in.o gc1004_mipi.c h22_mipi.c hm8131.c ov2640.c ov5648.c s5k4ec_mipi.c t4k05.c camera.h gc2035.c h22_mipi.ko imx179.c ov2686.c ov5650.c s5k5e2ya.c t8et5.c camera_cfg.h gc2145.c h22_mipi.mod.c imx214.c ov2710.c ov7736.c s5k5e2yx.c tc358743.c gc0307.c gc2155.c h22_mipi.mod.o imx219.c ov2710_mipi.c ov8825.c siv121d.c gc0308.c gc2235.c h22_mipi.o modules.builtin ov4689.c ov8850.c sp0718.c gc0309.c gc2355.c h42_mipi.c modules.order ov4689_60fps.c ov8858.c sp0838.c gc0311.c gc2355_mipi.c hi253.c nt99231_mipi.c ov4689_sdv.c ov8858_4lane.c sp2508.c ~~~ 可见zero配套的ov2640和ov5647都在其中。 但是他们不在menuconfig中,所以在上层的Kconfig中加入: ~~~ config OV2640 tristate "ov2640" default n config OV5647_MIPI tristate "ov5647_mipi" default n ~~~ 在本层的Makefile中加入: ~~~ obj-$(CONFIG_OV2640) += ov2640.o obj-$(CONFIG_OV5647_MIPI) += ov5647_mipi.o ~~~ 重新在menuconfig中勾选,编译,即可得到: ~~~ LD [M] drivers/media/video/sunxi-vfe/device/ov2640.ko LD [M] drivers/media/video/sunxi-vfe/device/ov5647_mipi.ko ~~~ 将ko文件放入系统中,手动加载,然后使用fswebcam尝试拍照: ~~~ root@LicheePi:~# fswebcam -d /dev/video0 --no-banner -r 320x240 capture.jpg [ 255.199106] [VFE]vfe_open --- Opening /dev/video0... [ 255.202406] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... Trying source module v4l2...[ 255.213786] [VFE]vfe_open ok [ 255.219628] [VFE_ERR]input index(0) > dev->dev_qty(1)-1 invalid!, device_valid_flag[0] = 0 /dev/video0 opened. 255.229491] [VFE]vfe_close mNo input was specified, using t[ 255.235232] [VFE]vfe select input flag = 0, s_input have not be used . he first. Unable to qu[ 255.245365] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... ery input 0. VIDIOC_EN[ 255.256556] [VFE]vfe_close end UMINPUT: Invalid argument ~~~ 跟踪相关信息,是在vfe.c, ~~~ static int vidioc_enum_input(struct file *file, void *priv, struct v4l2_input *inp) ~~~ 中: ~~~ 2807 if (0 == dev->device_valid_flag[inp->index]) { 2808 vfe_err("input index(%d) > dev->dev_qty(%d)-1 invalid!, device_valid_flag[%d] = %d\n", inp->index, dev->dev_ qty,inp->index, dev->device_valid_flag[inp->index]); 2809 return -EINVAL; 2810 } ~~~ 即枚举摄像头时,发现device_valid_flag标志位不对,该标志位是在: ~~~ static void probe_work_handle(struct work_struct *work) if(vfe_sensor_register_check(dev,&dev->v4l2_dev,dev->ccm_cfg[input_num],&dev->dev_sensor[input_num],input_nu m) == NULL) 5126 { 5127 vfe_err("vfe sensor register check error at input_num = %d\n",input_num); 5128 dev->device_valid_flag[input_num] = 0; 5129 //goto snesor_register_end; 5130 } 5131 else{ 5132 dev->device_valid_flag[input_num] = 1; 5133 } ~~~ 这个函数是在vfe_probe中调用,也即初始化时检测的。 vfe驱动加载过程: csi_cci/cci_platform_drv.c 加载cci.ko vfe.c vfe_os.ko加载 vfe_subdev.ko vfe_v4l2.ko //media/video/sunxi-vfe 查看开机启动信息: ~~~ //cci.ko加载,即摄像头控制器初始化 [ 0.808628] [VFE]cci probe start cci_sel = 0! [ 0.813793] [VFE]cci probe end cci_sel = 0! [ 0.818593] [VFE]cci_init end //VFE驱加载 [ 0.822038] [VFE]Welcome to Video Front End driver [ 0.827986] [VFE]pdev->id = 0 [ 0.831435] [VFE]dev->mipi_sel = 0 [ 0.835324] [VFE]dev->vip_sel = 0 [ 0.839114] [VFE]dev->isp_sel = 0 [ 0.849164] [VFE_WARN]vfe vpu clock is null [ 0.849164] [VFE_WARN]vfe vpu clock is null [ 0.860599] [VFE]pdev->id = 1 [ 0.864021] [VFE]dev->mipi_sel = 1 [ 0.868014] [VFE]dev->vip_sel = 1 [ 0.871864] [VFE]dev->isp_sel = 0 [ 0.875672] [VFE]probe_work_handle start! [ 0.880358] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 0.880358] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 0.889010] [VFE]v4l2 subdev register input_num = 0 [ 0.894683] [VFE_WARN]vfe vpu clock is null [ 0.894683] [VFE_WARN]vfe vpu clock is null [ 0.899688] [VFE_ERR]vip1 request pinctrl handle for device [csi1] failed! [ 0.907603] [VFE_ERR]get regulator csi_avdd error! [ 0.913056] [VFE_ERR]vfe_device_regulator_get error at input_num = 0 [ 0.913056] [VFE_ERR]vfe_device_regulator_get error at input_num = 0 [ 0.920482] [VFE]vfe_init end [ 0.920482] [VFE]vfe_init end //V4L2设备注册,生成video0 [ 0.933586] [VFE]V4L2 device registered as video0 [ 0.938969] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 0.938969] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 0.956440] [VFE]probe_work_handle end! [ 0.960938] [VFE]probe_work_handle start! [ 0.965515] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 0.965515] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 0.991682] [VFE]v4l2 subdev register input_num = 0 [ 0.997227] [VFE]vfe sensor detect start! input_num = 0 [ 0.997227] [VFE]vfe sensor detect start! input_num = 0 [ 1.003274] [VFE]Find sensor name is "ov2640", i2c address is 60, type is "YUV" ! [ 1.011824] [VFE]Sub device register "ov2640" i2c_addr = 0x60 start! [ 1.018998] [VFE_ERR]Error registering v4l2 subdevice No such device! [ 1.026388] [VFE_ERR]vfe sensor register check error at input_num = 0 [ 1.026388] [VFE_ERR]vfe sensor register check error at input_num = 0 [ 1.079242] [VFE]V4L2 device registered as video1 [ 1.084960] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 1.084960] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 1.116779] [VFE]probe_work_handle end! [ 5.012110] [VFE]vfe_open [ 5.012110] [VFE]vfe_open [ 5.043465] [VFE]vfe_open [ 5.043465] [VFE]vfe_open [ 5.058511] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 5.058511] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 5.082179] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 5.082179] [VFE]..........................vfe clk open!....................... [ 5.112320] [VFE]vfe_open ok [ 5.112320] [VFE]vfe_open ok [ 5.115853] [VFE]vfe_close [ 5.115853] [VFE]vfe_close [ 5.118958] [VFE]vfe select input flag = 0, s_input have not be used . [ 5.118958] [VFE]vfe select input flag = 0, s_input have not be used . [ 5.126480] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 5.126480] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 5.144821] [VFE]vfe_open ok [ 5.144821] [VFE]vfe_open ok [ 5.148348] [VFE]vfe_close [ 5.148348] [VFE]vfe_close [ 5.151598] [VFE]vfe select input flag = 0, s_input have not be used . [ 5.151598] [VFE]vfe select input flag = 0, s_input have not be used . [ 5.158972] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 5.158972] [VFE]..........................vfe clk close!....................... [ 5.224773] [VFE]vfe_close end [ 5.224773] [VFE]vfe_close end [ 5.282919] [VFE]vfe_close end [ 5.282919] [VFE]vfe_close end ~~~ vfe_sensor_register_check ~~~ static struct v4l2_subdev *vfe_sensor_register_check(struct vfe_dev *dev,struct v4l2_device *v4l2_dev,struct ccm_config *ccm_cfg, struct i2c_board_info *sensor_i2c_board,int input_num ) { int sensor_cnt,ret, sensor_num; struct sensor_item sensor_info; if(dev->vip_define_sensor_list == 1) { sensor_num = ccm_cfg->sensor_cfg_ini->detect_sensor_num; if(ccm_cfg->sensor_cfg_ini->detect_sensor_num == 0) { sensor_num = 1; } } else { sensor_num = 1; } for(sensor_cnt=0; sensor_cnt<sensor_num; sensor_cnt++) { if(dev->vip_define_sensor_list == 1) { if(ccm_cfg->sensor_cfg_ini->detect_sensor_num > 0) cpy_ccm_sub_device_cfg(ccm_cfg, sensor_cnt); } if(get_sensor_info(ccm_cfg->ccm, &sensor_info) == 0) { if(ccm_cfg->i2c_addr != sensor_info.i2c_addr) { vfe_warn("Sensor info \"%s\" i2c_addr is different from sys_config!\n", sensor_info.sensor_name ); //vfe_warn("Sensor info i2c_addr = %d, sys_config i2c_addr = %d!\n", sensor_info.i2c_addr, ccm_cfg->i2c_addr); //ccm_cfg->i2c_addr = sensor_info.i2c_addr; } if(ccm_cfg->is_bayer_raw != sensor_info.sensor_type) { vfe_warn("Camer detect \"%s\" fmt is different from sys_config!\n", sensor_info_type[sensor_info.sensor_type]); vfe_warn("Apply detect fmt = %d replace sys_config fmt = %d!\n", sensor_info.sensor_type, ccm_cfg->is_bayer_raw); ccm_cfg->is_bayer_raw = sensor_info.sensor_type; } if(sensor_info.sensor_type == SENSOR_RAW) { ccm_cfg->is_isp_used = 1; } else { ccm_cfg->act_used = 0; } vfe_print("Find sensor name is \"%s\", i2c address is %x, type is \"%s\" !\n",sensor_info.sensor_name,sensor_info.i2c_addr, sensor_info_type[sensor_info.sensor_type]); } sensor_i2c_board->addr = (unsigned short)(ccm_cfg->i2c_addr>>1); strcpy(sensor_i2c_board->type,ccm_cfg->ccm); vfe_print("Sub device register \"%s\" i2c_addr = 0x%x start!\n",sensor_i2c_board->type, ccm_cfg->i2c_addr); ret = vfe_sensor_subdev_register_check(dev,v4l2_dev,ccm_cfg,sensor_i2c_board); if( ret == -1) { vfe_sensor_subdev_unregister(v4l2_dev,ccm_cfg,sensor_i2c_board); vfe_print("Sub device register \"%s\" failed!\n",sensor_i2c_board->type); ccm_cfg->sd =NULL; continue; } else if(ret == ENODEV ||ret == EFAULT) { continue; } else if(ret == 0) { vfe_print("Sub device register \"%s\" is OK!\n",sensor_i2c_board->type); break; } } return ccm_cfg->sd; } ~~~