[TOC] ## 备份脚本 sh ``` #!/bin/bash # 以下配置信息请自己修改 mysql_user="USER" #MySQL备份用户 mysql_password="PASSWORD" #MySQL备份用户的密码 mysql_host="localhost" mysql_port="3306" mysql_charset="utf8" #MySQL编码 backup_db_arr=("db1" "db2") #要备份的数据库名称,多个用空格分开隔开 如("db1" "db2" "db3") backup_location=/var/www/mysql #备份数据存放位置,末尾请不要带"/",此项可以保持默认,程序会自动创建文件夹 expire_backup_delete="ON" #是否开启过期备份删除 ON为开启 OFF为关闭 expire_days=3 #过期时间天数 默认为三天,此项只有在expire_backup_delete开启时有效 # 本行开始以下不需要修改 backup_time=`date +%Y%m%d%H%M` #定义备份详细时间 backup_Ymd=`date +%Y-%m-%d` #定义备份目录中的年月日时间 backup_3ago=`date -d '3 days ago' +%Y-%m-%d` #3天之前的日期 backup_dir=$backup_location/$backup_Ymd #备份文件夹全路径 welcome_msg="Welcome to use MySQL backup tools!" #欢迎语 # 判断MYSQL是否启动,mysql没有启动则备份退出 mysql_ps=`ps -ef |grep mysql |wc -l` mysql_listen=`netstat -an |grep LISTEN |grep $mysql_port|wc -l` if [ [$mysql_ps == 0] -o [$mysql_listen == 0] ]; then echo "ERROR:MySQL is not running! backup stop!" exit else echo $welcome_msg fi # 连接到mysql数据库,无法连接则备份退出 mysql -h$mysql_host -P$mysql_port -u$mysql_user -p$mysql_password <<end use mysql; select host,user from user where user='root' and host='localhost'; exit end flag=`echo $?` if [ $flag != "0" ]; then echo "ERROR:Can't connect mysql server! backup stop!" exit else echo "MySQL connect ok! Please wait......" # 判断有没有定义备份的数据库,如果定义则开始备份,否则退出备份 if [ "$backup_db_arr" != "" ];then #dbnames=$(cut -d ',' -f1-5 $backup_database) #echo "arr is (${backup_db_arr[@]})" for dbname in ${backup_db_arr[@]} do echo "database $dbname backup start..." `mkdir -p $backup_dir` `mysqldump -h$mysql_host -P$mysql_port -u$mysql_user -p$mysql_password $dbname --default-character-set=$mysql_charset | gzip > $backup_dir/$dbname-$backup_time.sql.gz` flag=`echo $?` if [ $flag == "0" ];then echo "database $dbname success backup to $backup_dir/$dbname-$backup_time.sql.gz" else echo "database $dbname backup fail!" fi done else echo "ERROR:No database to backup! backup stop" exit fi # 如果开启了删除过期备份,则进行删除操作 if [ "$expire_backup_delete" == "ON" -a "$backup_location" != "" ];then #`find $backup_location/ -type d -o -type f -ctime +$expire_days -exec rm -rf {} \;` `find $backup_location/ -type d -mtime +$expire_days | xargs rm -rf` echo "Expired backup data delete complete!" fi echo "All database backup success! Thank you!" exit fi ``` 修改shell脚本的属性: ``` chmod 600 /root/mysql_backup.sh chmod +x /root/mysql_backup.sh ``` 设置好属性之后,把命令加入crontab,我们设置了每天00:00定时自动备份,然后把备份的脚本目录/var/www/mysql设置为rsync同步目录。 ``` 00 00 * * * /root/mysql_backup.sh ``` ## MySQL恢复 `mysql -u username -p databse < backup.sql`