[TOC] ## requests-比urllib2简洁 >文档地址:[中文文档](http://docs.python-requests.org/zh_CN/latest/) ``` #GET带参数 payload = {'key1': 'value1', 'key2': 'value2'} r = requests.get("http://httpbin.org/get", params=payload) #定制请求头 headers = {'user-agent': 'my-app/0.0.1'} r = requests.get('http://www.baidu.com', headers=headers) #post表单形式 dict = {"name":"cpj",'age':"123"} requests.post("http://www.baidu.com",data=dict) #异常处理 import requests from requests import exceptions try: response = requests.get("http://httpbin.org/ip",timeout=0.2) response.raise_for_status() #抛出非200 异常的解释 except exceptions.Timeout as e: print("请求超时:",e) except exceptions.HTTPError as e: print("状态码异常",e) else: print(response.text) print(response.status_code) #proxies代理 import requests proxies = {'http': "socks5://127.0.0.1:1080",'https': "socks5://127.0.0.1:1080"} response = requests.get('https://www.google.com',proxies=proxies) print(response.content) ```